Why isn’t fracking regulated?
The oil and gas industry and their lobbyists have successfully fended off regulation on many fronts and won exemptions from most environmental regulations including: Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, Clean Air Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [RCRA], Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act [CERCLA], Emergency Planning Community Right to Know Act, and National Environmental Policy Act
The federal Energy Policy Act of 2005 contained a provision that has come to be known as the “Halliburton Loophole,” an exemption for gas drilling and extraction from requirements in the underground injection control (UIC) program of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA).
In 1988, EPA and Congress agreed not to apply RCRA to oil and gas wastes, such as fracking fluids.
Oil and gas companies have refused to divulge the components of their fracking fluids under the community right to know act by claiming the statute does not apply and the information is proprietary.
Many states also exempt from certain water use regulations. Agencies have been averse to regulating or studying the process due to industry lobbyists.
EPA studies have been repeatedly narrowed in scope and important findings have been removed, while whistleblowers have been unfairly slandered.
In a draft 2002 report, EPA reported that at the point of injection, nine hydraulic fracturing chemicals violated water quality standards. This assertion was edited out before the final report was published. The published report did note that fracturing fluids are likely to remain underground and are “likely to be transported by groundwater supplies” (EPA Fracturing Final 2004). EPA has finally decided to conduct a more comprehensive study on fracking, but the results are not due until 2014.
EPA has no threshold limit for airborne Benzene which is released during venting of fracked wells.
via Fracking of America.