Markus Beyrer, the secretary general of BusinessEurope, is calling on EU leaders and stakeholders to be “less emotional” about the exploration and extraction of shale gas in Europe to ensure the continent’s energy independence.
“We think that we have to balance climate policy, but also cost competitiveness and security of supply. And of course, recently, the issue of security of supply has been added an extra element of external dependence,” he told EurActiv in an interview referring to the growing conflict between Moscow and Kyiv.
>> Read the full interview with Markus Beyrer here
“Of course energy efficiency and renewables will play a role in this. But talking about the quantities, this will not be enough, so this means we will have to have a more rational, less emotional debate on other possibilities, starting with indigenous resources, including shale gas.”
In Beyrer’s view, there are not enough scientific facts to back up the almost “dogmatic” opposition to unconventional fuels, such as shale.
“I would say that 90% of the arguments you normally hear are far away from the reality,” he said, arguing that excluding the option a priori is not a solution. Rather, the chief of the European business organisation proposes to “control the risks”.
“This is the stop of any progress. It’s not about excluding all risks ex-ante, it’s about controlling risks and we think there is a clear possibility to control risks but in order to go forward we at least need to explore.”
“And we think lots of the debates we’re having starting with these things with methane coming from water taps – all this has nothing to do with reality. There are a number of questions you have to settle on water purification, on seals, but we have to go forward, to explore and then find solutions to the problems,” he added.
Beyrer’s views about shale gas angered Antoine Simon, a shale gas campaigner at Friends of the Earth, who rebutted those arguments.
“It seems like BusinessEurope is the only one to find this problem minor. Even the European Commission published a report last year on the environmental impact assessing the underground and surface contamination risks at its highest level of dangerousness. There are countless numbers of studies, from Stanford University, Duke University, MIT,” Simon stressed, adding “we are talking about major risks and this can be done only if it develops on huge amounts of land”.
Cost of drilling
Green campaigners assure that the proportion of shale gas in the energy mix would be “marginal” and would “not change our energy security problems”.
Moreover, the cost of drilling wells should be taken into account.
“The shale gas industry is a constant treadmill,” Simon argues. “When you start producing it […] the production so quickly depletes that it requires drilling more wells just to keep the production flat. In the US in 2012, they had to drill 30,000 new wells for shale oil and gas just to maintain the same level of production; it’s extremely expensive.”
While drilling in the United States costs some €4 million, in Europe the figure would be two to three times more than that due to its different geology, Friends of the Earth argues, citing a study by Deutsche Bank and the auditing and advisory firm KPMG.
BusinessEurope also warns against what happened in Ukraine, where the government “tried to diversify energy resources” before getting a rebate from Russia.
“Although there is no reason for panic, the situation is much better than it has been in previous years, because it’s warmer outside, the stocks are full and I think there is no big question mark for the time being. But it’s a clear sign in the medium and long run, that there are good reasons for working in the direction of less dependence,” Beyrer hopes.